Qatar is one of the best places in the Middle East, offering foreign nationals a better place to find employment. The country is not only a top tourist destination but also has jobs for almost every industry. Qatar is known to be the country with the highest per capita income, even surpassing the performance of top places in the Western and Eastern countries.
Why is Qatar the Choice Destination of Many Expatriates?
Qatar is highly regarded as a high-income economy with wealth coming from its vast natural gas and oil reserves, which is considered to be the third-largest in the world. The Arabic state also has the highest global per capita income, which is one of the reasons why it has been attracting many expatriates from countries worldwide. It is worth mentioning that the United Nations has classified Qatar as the most advanced state when it comes to human development among Arabic countries.
Qatar has more expatriates than locals. Majority of these foreign migrants looking for jobs in Qatar come from India with the present population of 700,000 comprising of 21.8 % of the country’s population. The second-largest expat community is from Bangladesh and Nepal, with around 400,000 migrants from each nationality.
Locals in Qatar only come third in rank when it comes to population. The population of Qatar citizens is roughly 330,000, which is only 12.10% of the total number, making Qataris a minority for almost a decade.
One of the many reasons why migrant workers are attracted to look for jobs in Qatar is employee benefits. Other perks the country provides to expats are as follows.
Indemnity. On top of their pay, workers who have ended their contract are given an ‘indemnity.’ It is calculated based on their basic salary.
Gratuity. Gratuity pay is given to a contracted worker who has served at least five years in the company. This incentive is awarded to the employee once his contract has expired. The pay is awarded based on the agreement between the two parties.
- Annual Leave. Workers are usually granted a paid annual leave after a year of continuous service. Workers who have been working for less than five years are given at least three weeks of annual leave, and four weeks or more if they have served more than five years.
Employment and Gender. Women show a strong presence in Qatar’s workforce. A study made by UNICEF in 2009 shows that fifty percent of women aged fifteen and up are employed.
Qatar has been practicing social stratification among the locals. With the influx of expats, it has created a system of stratification. The principal axes of this classification are based on nationality and occupation. The most extensive distinction is between Qataris and foreigners, while the subdivisions are as per their origin, cultural practices, and descent.
Despite the inequality, foreign workers still enjoy comfortable and lenient treatment. Expats are allowed to practice their religious beliefs in public, while many international religious institutions conduct community services.